What’s White Space Design? 5 Real Examples

What’s White Space Design? 5 Real Examples

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The starting point of any design process is a blank slate. Starting with a blank page or screen, items like text, images, buttons, menus, and more are added during the design process of a website or mobile app. While it could be tempting to jam as much information as possible into the interface, doing so risks making the UI look chaotic and unpleasant.

A well-designed user interface (UI) should be straightforward so that everyone who uses it can understand it and use it successfully. This occurs when there is sufficient white space between each element on the page from top to bottom.

This piece will explain what white space is and provide you five instances of its effective application in design.

What is white space in design?

Negative space, or white space, is the area around a page’s content and navigation that isn’t filled with anything. White space’s primary goal is to provide your design breathing room by minimizing the quantity of text and functional elements that users take in at once.

However, the room doesn’t have to be painted white, despite the name. White space refers to any area that doesn’t contain any content or functional features.

Components of user interface white space include:

  • Spacing for lines and characters in text.
  • Spaces surrounding and between items that provide a purpose, like buttons.

White space design: 5 practical examples

Now that you know what white space is and how to recognize it in a design, you can apply it effectively by following these guidelines:

1. Make text more readable

Most of the data we have access to on the web and in mobile apps is written. Therefore, it is crucial to create an interface that facilitates easy reading for your audience. By making it simpler to scan the page and focus on certain sections, white space improves readability.

Adjusting line-height is one method of adding white space to text in order to improve readability (the vertical distance between lines of text). Users will have a more difficult time reading the text if the line height is too small. However, if there is an excessive amount of white space between lines, it can be distracting to readers because the lines in the text no longer flow together.

If you want to know how to determine the perfect line spacing, I’ll tell you. Line height should be chosen to complement the size of the typeface used. Body text line height should be between 120% and 145% of the font size.

2. Create connections between individual elements

Since the relationships between pieces of content are determined by the white space around them, it has a significant impact on how people interpret the information presented. As stated by the Law of Proximity, one of the four fundamental Gestalt rules, nearby items are subconsciously interpreted as being qualitatively similar. In a sense, white space serves as a visual cue, telling our brains that what they’re looking at isn’t a collection of separate objects but rather a unified whole.

When creating web forms, you may rely on this guideline. Placing labels in close proximity to the appropriate fields helps to create a unified whole.

3. Drive user’s attention to particular objects

White space plays a significant role in good design by guiding people through the page’s interactions. We may define a correlation between white space and user focus by observing that the more white space we add around an object, the more focus users give to that object. When there are no other objects in the immediate vicinity, this happens.

For promotional landing pages, strategically placed white space is an effective attention-grabbing tactic. By strategically placing white space around information and functional features (such call-to-action buttons), you may draw the reader’s eye to those areas.

A simple five-second test can be used by designers to see what parts of a page get the most focus. Just look at your page for five seconds, then shut your eyes and describe what you saw. If you’ve labeled the things you want viewers to see, then you’ve used white space effectively.

4. Create visual hierarchy on a page

With proper content organization, or “visual hierarchy,” consumers are able to more quickly and efficiently absorb the information presented on a page. Visitors scan a page rather than read it when they land on it. The scannability of a website is greatly enhanced by good visual hierarchy.

Designers can guide the reader’s eye along a basic path they’ve established with white space. Symmetrical and asymmetrical grid layouts are the two primary options for arranging content on a website.

The human visual system tends to prefer symmetrical designs. Symmetrical design aids in comprehension because it provides the brain with a sense of order and stability.

On the other side, something that is asymmetrical lacks symmetry. To heighten the viewer’s attention, designers frequently employ asymmetrical elements. By utilizing asymmetry, designers can draw focus to specific parts of a page.

Always keep in mind that equilibrium is necessary for both symmetrical and asymmetrical designs. To achieve harmony, you must learn to assess the relative importance of each part of your piece. The relative importance of different visual elements is determined by their relative sizes and other visual characteristics such as contrast (contrasting elements attract more attention than neutral elements).

5. Convey a feeling of elegance

The use of white space in your design is crucial to the success of your brand’s identity. Extensive use of white space, in conjunction with clean text and striking imagery, may give your design a sophisticated aspect. It highlights the product you want to sell and sends a clear message to the consumer that this is the most important portion of the page.

White space is never wasted space

White space may be a very effective design tool. When used well, it becomes a crucial component of visual design, serving as the binding agent between the page’s many components while also enhancing the usability of the interface. Keep in mind the importance of white space in user interfaces from the very beginning of a project and design a spacing system that defines the range of values for white space. By requiring you to pick from a set of established values, a white spacing system integrated into your UX design processes can help you create a more consistent look and feel across your project.

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