● Cyberspace: is a space where cyberculture exists with its
many manifestations; it is the networks that allow us to
communicate with each other nowadays like social media
platforms, emails, etc..
[cyber space would not be possible without the existence of the
● Cyberculture: is the habits, the values, and many other
cultures that evolve and came to being from this cyberspace.
[A unique set of habits; how do we respond to a post on social
media for instance, how much are we attached to our gadgets? Is it
addictive? If something wrong goes with the internet, my mobile, or
my laptop, how do I feel then? To what extent are we engaged with
– The war we are witnessing nowadays on social media; our
posts are restricted and we are fighting to make our voices
[this is cyberculture]
● What is it that has changed in us because of the presence
of cyberspace? And how are we engaging in such space?
Are there any rules or ethics?
● What is the impact and the results of cyberspace on our
lives, identities, and how we receive ourselves?
● With the sigmance of society that the internet is available, it
does have an impact (a huge range of impact) and that’s why
in this chapter we are doing some sort of juxtaposing the
revolution of both the Printing Press and the Internet. This
huge transformation in how people conduct their lives, or
people engaging with each other with knowledge, caused a
huge moments of transformations to cultures.
● Both the Printing Press and the Internet are public spaces
that greatly enhance the availability of information and the rate
[if we are speaking about the Printing Press we are speaking about;
books, manuscripts, journals, etc.. and if we are talking about the
internet we are speaking about all forms of social media; blogging,
posting, emails, etc.. So there is definitely a spread of information]
● One of the manifestations of this huge impact of the internet is
the change that is felt on the social and cultural level.
● In the 1970s, there was only a small group of people who
could manage using the internet at the time, so it was only an
exclusive domain of a handful of technology experts. Then in
the late 1990s, was when it finally became reachable to a
bigger segment of people (the Arab region in particular).
Furthermore, cyberculture took on a new way of life; computer
and information technology took the dynamic of culture and
social relations in dramatically different directions, changing
the phase of the culture (here is about all cultures).
● Critics of the internet who see its negative effect on culture,
say that it spreads ideas that are conservative, indecent, or
immorally and socially unacceptable. They think that it is too
much of a free space, and hence it is shaking a conservative
traditional way of life and it has given surges to terroism.
● How is the E-Generation different from other generations that
came before it?
● The anonymity provided a lot of freedom: During the
blogging movement, it was totally okay not to mention your
name in the blog which allowed a huge freedom for young
people to explore issues that were taboo (if my name is not on
the blog, then I’m capable of practically writing about anything)
and back then it was not as easy as today to track who the
actual person behind the blog!
[and such amount of freedom as much as it shocked the
conservatives as much it gave voices to people of the same
generation or who have same concerns]
● Is Cyberculture a global culture?
– Globalization: refers to the process of increased
interconnectedness and interdependence among
countries, economics, cultures, and socie on a global
scale. It involves the exchange of goods, services,
information, ideas, and people across borders, leading to
a more integrated and interconnected world. Globalization
has significant impacts on various aspects of our lives,
including economics, culture, politics, and technology.
● In the sense that western images are projected worldwide via
the platform. The western point of view about Palestine and
israel (يحرقهم ربنا (for instance is more prevalent and is more
present in the global sphere in cyberculture
[Their presence as a global culture that is so dominant in the
● This presence in our life and the effect it has; the spreading of
the western ideas and point of views; the dominance of what
is “Western” always!
● 20 years ago, there was this celebration of a whole new world
coming, where freedom is absolute and available for everyone
(Cyberspace). Now these ideas of democracy and freedom,
because of cyberspace, are being questioned!
● How free are we in cyberspace? It was taken for granted in
the 2000s that cyberspace is a free space, where you are as
free as what you would like to be (you are capable of being
free), but only 20 years later (today) this has changed, we
started to question about how much freedom can we have in
cyberspace. Not only because of the current Facebook
algorithm for example, but also because of dictatorship which
is the authority of political regimes or the big commercial
companies and capitalists.
[It is no longer a fact that we can be free to do what we want, now it
is a subject of questioning]
Made by: Eman Medhat/Section A
Table of Contents
- The Internet as a Promised Land: Examining the Benefits of the Digital Revolution
- The Internet as a Hegemony: Exploring the Negative Impacts of the Digital Revolution
- The Role of the Printing Press in Shaping the Internet: A Historical Perspective
- The Impact of John Perry Barlow’s “Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace”
- The Social Impact of the Internet: Examining the Impact on Society and Culture
“The Internet: A Promised Land or a Hegemony? Explore the debate and decide for yourself.” In this essay, I will explore the debate surrounding the statement “The Internet: A Promised Land or a Hegemony?” by examining two texts: Vejas Liulevicius’ “The Social Impact of the Printing Press” and John Perry Barlow’s “A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace”. Liulevicius’ text examines the impact of the printing press on society, and how it changed the way people communicated and interacted with each other. He argues that the printing press allowed for the spread of knowledge and ideas, and that it was a major factor in the development of the modern world. He also argues that the printing press allowed for the development of a more democratic society, as it allowed for the spread of information to a wider audience. Barlow’s text, on the other hand, examines the impact of the internet on society. He argues that the internet has allowed for the development of a new form of democracy, one that is based on the free exchange of ideas and information. He also argues that the internet has allowed for the development of a new form of freedom, one that is based on the ability to communicate and interact with others without the need for physical proximity. Based on these two texts, it is clear that the internet has had a major impact on society. It has allowed for the spread of knowledge and ideas, and has allowed for the development of a more democratic society. However, it is also clear that the internet has the potential to be used as a tool of control and oppression. It can be used to spread misinformation and to manipulate public opinion. It can also be used to limit access to certain types of information, and to limit the ability of individuals to communicate and interact with each other. In my opinion, the internet is both a promised land and a hegemony. It has the potential to be used for both good and bad, and it is up to us to decide how we use it. We must ensure that we use it responsibly, and that we use it to promote freedom and democracy. We must also ensure that we use it to spread accurate information, and to promote the free exchange of ideas and information. Only then can we ensure that the internet remains a promised land, and not a tool of oppression.